How Do Cats Communicate With Each Other?

Cat’s are pretty expressive by nature. If you’re a proud cat parent, you’re probably very accustomed to their different meows, headbutts, and purrs. 

Different cats communicate in different ways, some cats are very vocal and will frequently meow at you, and others will only meow to say hello, for food or to be let outside. 

But how do cats communicate with each other? It’s hard to know what goes on with your cat, and many of us find ourselves wondering, but never quite knowing what is going on with our cat and it’s interactions with others.

Well, no more! This article will tell you all you need to know about cat communication! Just keep reading to find out more. 

Do Cats Communicate With Each Other?

Yes, cats do communicate with each other, not just with their humans. They use a variety of signals including vocalization, physical contact, visual clues and chemical cues. 

Their body language is very important to them as an indicator of what they’re thinking or feeling. Let’s look at a few of the different ways cats communicate with each other. 


Cats normally meow to communicate with people. Their meows are used to express their emotions and needs. 

When they interact with each other, they rarely meow. Domestic cats tend to express more frequent vocalizations than feral cats. These noises include purring, meowing, chirping, growling, and yowling. 

Feral cats are silent most of the time because they are quiet predators and don’t need to communicate with humans. Purring is sometimes used by cats to communicate happiness, anger, and contentment. 

Purring can be a part of cat socialization, especially with domestic cats. It helps cats bond with each other and establishes relationships. 

Cats will sometimes meow or trill to greet other cats or display defensive cat language such as yowling, spitting, hissing, and howling to warn another cat to back off.

Body Language

Cats frequently communicate with each other using their body language. They may touch noses as a greeting, rub together, or hook tails. 

These body language demonstrations are a sign of affection between cats. If a cat is confident around another cat – its tail will be held high with its ears forward. 

If the tail crooks forward when approaching a cat or a human, this is a sign of trust. Looking straight at a cat or human, or blinking is a way to show openness and attentiveness. 

If a cat’s ears are flat, if they avert their eyes, or if their tails are tucked underneath them, this means that they feel threatened or uncomfortable around a cat or human. 

Hissing, growling, flat ears, lashing tails, bristled fur, and arched backs or tails mean that a cat feels threatened, and could signal aggressiveness. 

Chemical Cues

Cats mainly use chemical signals to communicate with each other. They also use them to mark territories. 

Cats are known to be social creatures. They may even share their homes with other cats, but they still need to smell each other to know who is a friend or foe. 

Their noses are equipped with olfactory receptors, which allow them to detect smells. Cats spray when they want to mark territory or when they’re happy. 

When cats smell each other, it’s a sign of friendship. A cat’s smell is like its own personal language. When cats first meet each other, they pay close attention to what the other cat smells like. 

They learn about each other’s personalities by smelling them. This is called olfactory communication.

Do Cats Communicate With Other Animals?

It’s not uncommon for cats to socialize with other animals. Sometimes, cats may even be protective of smaller animals or humans in their home environment.

Usually, cats and dogs will get along well as long as they’re introduced properly. It’s important to teach both dogs and cats to accept one another and communicate in a positive way. 

To teach your pet cat to get along better with other pets, practice introducing them slowly at an early age. 

As long as you keep your cat safe from harm and supervise interactions with other pets, there should be no problems. 

Some cats choose not to socialize with other pets while others enjoy having company. As this varies from animal to animal, it can be tricky to know at first if your cat will cooperate with others. Thankfully, we have some tips coming up that should help you tackle this! 

How To Introduce Your Cat To Another Cat

It’s always best to introduce new cats to one another slowly. Try introducing only short periods (such as five minutes) so you aren’t overwhelming them. 

After several days of introduction, you’ll have a better idea of whether or not your cats get along.

You might consider keeping the two cats separately for a week before meeting them in the same room or letting them play in different parts of the house. 

That way, there won’t be any surprise encounters, and both cats should be able to get comfortable with the situation.

Once they’ve been introduced, take note of whether they sniff each other. If they stay away from each other, then they probably dislike each other on sight. 

But if they start rubbing against each other, they probably recognize each other as friends.

Here are some ways you can introduce your cat to an unfamiliar cat:

Introduce The Cats In A Controlled Setting 

Be sure to let the cats meet face-to-face, nose to nose. Make sure that you don’t block any escape paths. Once the cats have gotten used to each other, try allowing them free access to roam together. They must become accustomed to spending time alone without being supervised.

Introduce The Cats Gradually

You can also introduce the cats gradually over time. For example, you can allow them to spend some time near each other and explore the space freely, followed by a brief period of separation, and then finally allow them to interact more closely.

Final Thoughts

Cats have a wide range of different communication methods both with humans and each other. The more we understand about the distinct ways cats communicate with each other, the more we can understand about their emotions and needs. 

Introducing your cat to a new family member should be a gradual process, where you slowly increase exposure over time. This should help both pets get used to the change, and become great friends!

Courtney Trent
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